The College of William and Mary sundial was probably made in London during the seventeenth century or early eighteenth century. Scientific measurements of how lines on the dial by Dr. George W. Crawford, Professor of Physics Emeritus, prove it was engraved for use in the vicinity of Williamsburg and most likely for William and Mary when it was chartered or soon thereafter to provide local time for residents in an age when a sundial was necessary to reset or adjust the timing of a clock or watch. Subsidiary dial rings simultaneously give the local time for six world locations indicating the sundial was made with a cultural or “world-view” intent.
The earliest authenticated reference to the sundial indicates it was located on a wooden pedestal in front of the President's House on April 15, 1815. It was removed during the Civil War by Union Chaplain William H. Gilder for protection and returned in 1889. In 1912 it was moved behind the Sir Christopher Wren Building between Science Hall and the library and placed on a sandstone pedestal, a gift of The Flat Hat staff, to commemorate the first year of its publication.
In 1971, at the request of President Davis Y. Paschall, Professor Crawford, who had suggested a sundial for the New Campus Mall, restored the historic sundial by making a new gnomon to replace the missing original, which had been stolen soon after 1953, and supervised its relocation in the New Campus Mall. In 1975, when Professor Crawford had succeeded in making a bronze replica of the sundial for the new location, the original was placed in Swem Library (in the then Zollinger Museum on the ground floor adjacent to the Botetourt Gallery) on a walnut pedestal Crawford had made and donated to the College. It is currently on display in the Special Collections Research Center's reading room in Swem Library.
Images are available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/scrc/462231203/ and http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=sundial&w=7349747%40N02.
Material in the Special Collections Research Center
- "Buildings & Grounds--Sundial," University Archives Subject
- Scrapbook, 1885-1890, Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
- The Flat Hat:
- "Another Way to Tell Time? Sundial Recalls W&M's past," 27 November 1951, p. 7.
- "Elvis is Everywhere," 23 September 1994, p. 1.
- Alumni Gazette:
- September 1974, p. 3 (includes pictures).
- December 1974, p. 7.
- "Sundial Unveiled at Law School," William & Mary News 29 October 1998, p. 7 (includes picture).
- Buildings and Grounds--Sundial, University Archives Subject File Collection, Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
- "Instrument Can Tell Right Time Anywhere," The Flat Hat 12 December 1924, p. 5.
- Replica sundial at the Law School on Flickr.
- Sundial in the Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library and the replica in front of Swem Library on Flickr.
- Photographs of the sundial from others on Flickr.
To search for further material, visit the Special Collections Research Center's Search Tool List for an overview of the Special Collections Database, W&M Digital Archive, Flat Hat-William & Mary News-Alumni Gazette index, card catalogs, and other tools available to help you find material of interest in William & Mary Libraries Special Collections Research Center.
|A Note About The Contents Of This Wiki|
|The information available in this wiki is the best available from known documents and sources at the time it was written. Unfortunately, many of the early original records of William & Mary were destroyed by fires, military occupation, and the normal effects of time. Information in this wiki is not complete as new information continues to be uncovered in Swem Library's Special Collections Research Center and elsewhere. Researchers are strongly encouraged to use the Special Collections search tools for their research as the information contained in this wiki is by no means comprehensive.|