?-1916: Orange and White or Orange and Black
The nickname of Indians was first referenced in the 1916 Colonial Echo referring to the baseball team of 1916 (reference and photograph, p. 156).
Other unofficial nicknames during this time period included: Big Green Tribe, Big Green, Warriors, Fighting Virginians, and Braves.
A caricature similar to that of the Cleveland Indians was used from the mid- to late-1960s through approximately the mid-1970s. This image was certainly not used after 1978 (see image B2532).
A WM with feathers logo was used from 1974 through the present. Variations on this likely included a WM with an Indian wearing a headdress.
1978-present: The Tribe
In 1978, the Indian images were removed from the athletic logo. The term Indian and Tribe were both used, but Indian was phased out by the early 1980s and Tribe has been in use through the present.
A WM with feathers logo was used from 1974 until the feathers were ordered removed by the NCAA in 2006 despite an appeal by the College. The WM with 2 feathers first appeared in a 1974 Football Yearbook, then on the helmets of the 1977 football team (see 1978 Colonial Echo, p. 174).
For further details see the 2/28/1978 Departmental Communication from the Dean of Students W. Samuel Sadler to Dr. Thomas A. Graves, Jr. regarding the change in nickname and logo.
- Colonial Echo, 1916, 1978.
- "Athletics--Indian Symbolism," University Archives Subject File Collection, SCRC.