Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853-1935)
Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853-1935) President of the College of William and Mary was also known as a prominent Virginia historian.He was the son of President John Tyler and his second wife Julia Gardiner Tyler. His paternal side of the family dated back to the colonial period: his grandfather John Tyler attended the College of William and Mary where he was a friend and classmate of Thomas Jefferson, both students of the influential science professor William Small. he served in various capacities in the Revolutionary cause and later was a judge in the Federal Court of Virginia.
Lyon G. Tyler attended the University of Virginia earning both a bachelors and masters degree. In 1888, Tyler was appointed president of the College of William and Mary. He brought the institution back from ruin following the Civil War and its closing from 1881-1888. He assembled a faculty known affectionately as the "Seven Wise Men," himself holding the chair of history.
Under his tenure, the College became a state institution in 1906. He began the William and Mary Quarterly, an historical and genealogical journal.
His personal and professional papers are in the Earl Gregg Swem Library.