William Dawson

From Special Collections Research Center Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Reverend William Dawson became the second president of the College of William and Mary following the death of James Blair in 1743. A graduate of the Queen’s College, Oxford, Anglican clergyman, and master of moral philosophy at William and Mary, Dawson’s ascension to presidency followed a letter by John Blair to the Bishop of London reporting his uncle’s desire for Dawson to succeed him in the office. Although his brother Thomas Dawson received the rectorship of Bruton Parish Church, William gained the other myriad appointments previously held by James Blair.

By all accounts a devout and mild man, as president William Dawson fostered harmony between the College and the provincial as well as royal authorities. Due to this goodwill, the Burgesses were particularly generous to the College during Dawson’s tenure. After fire burned the first capitol in 1747, the offices of the government and the College of William and Mary shared the Main Building for five years. Without the ecclesiastical and political reach of James Blair, Dawson governed a college relative free of controversies. Dawson died on July 20, 1752 and is buried in Williamsburg. The notice in the Virginia Gazette read: "On Monday last died, and this Evening was interr'd here, the Rev. and Hon. Doctor William Dawson, one of His Majesty's Council of this Colon, President of the College of William & Mary, and the Lord Bishop of London's Commissary for Virginia..." (Virginia Gazette, 24 July 1752)

His death, only a few months after royal governor Gooch, signaled an end of peaceful times for the college. The new royal governor Robert Dinwiddie, stirred the first of a series of controversies which embroiled the faculty, presidents, and the Board of Visitors for the remainder of the colonial period.

Material in the Special Collections Research Center

  • Rev. William Dawson, Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library
  • Virginia Gazette, No. 20, 24 July 1752 (Available in Swem Library).

Preceded by College of William and Mary President Succeeded by
James Blair

February 1693 - April 18 1743

William Dawson

18 July 1743 - July 1752

William Stith

13 August 1752 - 10 September 1755

Need help?

To search for further material, visit the Special Collections Research Center's Search Tool List for an overview of the Special Collections Database, W&M Digital Archive, Flat Hat-William & Mary News-Alumni Gazette index, card catalogs, and other tools available to help you find material of interest in William & Mary Libraries Special Collections Research Center.

Questions? Contact the Special Collections Research Center at spcoll@wm.edu or 757-221-3090, or visit the Special Collections Research Center in the Earl Gregg Swem Library at William & Mary.

A Note About The Contents Of This Wiki
The information available in this wiki is the best available from known documents and sources at the time it was written. Unfortunately, many of the early original records of William & Mary were destroyed by fires, military occupation, and the normal effects of time. Information in this wiki is not complete as new information continues to be uncovered in Swem Library's Special Collections Research Center and elsewhere. Researchers are strongly encouraged to use the Special Collections search tools for their research as the information contained in this wiki is by no means comprehensive.