African Americans at the College of William and Mary

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This page includes material previously assembled in subject files and FAQs about African Americans at the College of William and Mary. This information includes "firsts" as well as ongoing data and material.

Students

See African American Students.

Administration and Administrators

"In 1974, the office for Minority Student Affairs was established to serve African-American students at the College and, eventually, the office evolved into the Office of Multicultural Affairs (OMA) as the population it served began to expand."[1]

1977: 2 African American faculty members

1978: The first African American member of the Board of Visitors was Henry T. Tucker, Jr. ’72, appointed in 1978.

1982: 2 African American faculty members

1983: 7 African American faculty members

Lillian A. Poe: A native of Newport News, VA, Ms Poe was a graduate of Hampton Institute and received her masters from the University of Virginia. She entered William and Mary doctoral program in 1969. Ms Poe was the first William and Mary student to receive an Advanced Study Fellowship for Black Americans from the Ford Foundation in 1971. She spent one summer at the University of Singapore under a Fulbright-Hayes Fellowship. In 1970 Ms Poe became the College's first black administrator serving as Assistant to the Dean of Admissions while completing her doctorate course work. Her dissertation in history was on the life and career of the controversial black minister Elder Michaux, founder of the Church of God movement in the early 1900’s in Newport News.

Faculty

  • Hugh M. Gloster

The first black to teach at W&M in any capacity was Dr. Hugh Gloster, from Hampton Institute, who was engaged in 1955 to teach English to Japanese students in a summer program for foreign students. Dean Gloster went on to be president of Morehouse College.

  • Trudier Harris

Professor Harris graduated from Stillman College with a B.A. in 1969 and earned her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from The Ohio State University. She was an Assistant Professor of English at William and Mary, the first black at the College in a tenure line. In November, 1974, at the Virginia Folklore Society meeting at the University of Virginia Ms Harris presented a paper on Henry “Doc” Billups, who was the bellringer at William and Mary for 65 years (the paper is in SCRC, the Archives). She researched Billups and his life in Williamsburg on a faculty research grant during the summer of 1974. In 1975 Ms Harris was awarded a summer research grant for “Black Folklore in Williamsburg: Uniqueness of Content.”


  • Louis J. Noisin

Professor Noisin, an anthropologist from Haiti, joined the William and Mary faculty in 1972 and taught in Anthropology for several years. Professor Noisin was the founding president of L'Université Roi Henri Christophe in Haiti.

  • Nancy B McGhee

Professor McGhee graduated from Shaw University. She received her masters from Columbia University and her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. She was the Chairwoman of the English Department at Hampton Institute from 1967 to 1973 and Director of the Institute in the Humanities at Hampton from 1964 to 1969.

Professor McGhee taught at the College in 1970-71 and rejoined the faculty as a visiting professor of English in 1979-80. Her teaching specialties include American Literature and Black Literature. She has received a Rosenwald Fellowship, a G.E.B. Fellowship and an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree from Shaw University. Her publications include “Langston Hughes: Black Genius”, “Stony the Road” and “The Slave Narrative in Retrospect” in the Ethnic Studies Journal, 1976.

Alumni

The Hulon Willis Association of the Alumni Association was organized in 1992.

Africana Studies

In 1997
, the Black Studies Program was established. The program was changed to the Africana Studies Program in 2009.

Courses

According to Robert Fehrenbach, emeritus professor English, he and Ed Crapol, emeritus professor of History, co-taught "The Black Experience" for two years in 1970-1972. --email from Joanne Braxton, 16 December 2012. (Check Schedule of Classes for course specifics.)

English

According to Carl R. Dolmetsch, emeritus professor of English, Nancy McGhee taught the first course in Black Literature at the College of William & Mary in 1969-1970, the last year of Fraser Neiman's chairship, and Carl had her repeat the course during his first year as Chair, 1970-1971. The arrangement came about through Fraser's wife, Stella, whose classmate at Brown was Charles Nichols.

"Fraser had thought when he became Chair (and others in the department agreed) that it was time to have black literature taught here, When Nichols came to the Neiman house for a party he brought his former Hampton colleague Nancy McGhee and she and Fraser talked. Nichols recommended McGhee for the course, and it happened, continued by Carl the next year (Carl had come to know Nichols in Berlin where was Director of the John F. Kennedy Institute for American Studies at the Free University of Berlin where Carl had been invited by Nichols as a Fulbright Visiting Professor). Nichols had returned to Brown, and was in Virginia on a speaking tour).

"Carl mentioned that as Chair he thought there should be a permanent position in English for black lit, and he was instrumental in recruiting Trudier Harris, whom he recognized as stellar from the getgo and knew we would not be able to retain her--he thought every time she came into his office she would have a job offer and of course finally she did, from UNC, with whom, Carl told her, W&M could not compete." --email from Terry Meyers, 24 July 2012.

History

The 1969-1970 course catalog includes the class "The Negro in the United States Since 1861" course 466 taught by Department of History Professor Helen C. Walker. Description: "An examination of the role of the black man in American society from the Civil War to the present. The course will consider political, economic, and social developments within the black community, as well as problems in black-white relations."

According to an intern in the Virginia Division of Legislative Services in the Civil War Commission in July 2009, the College of William and Mary was one of the earliest, if not the first, college or university in Virginia to offer African American history courses before the late 1970s.

Slaves Owned By the College

The College of William and Mary had long-standing connections to slavery in the United States including owning slaves on campus and using others to work an 18th Century tobacco plantation the College owned. Its antebellum president Thomas Roderick Dew was a leading proponent of slavery as were members of his faculty.

Material in the Special Collections Research Center

References

  • Initial content compiled by Nancy Hadley in 2002. Sources from the University Archives include: University Archives Subject File Collection, Students--African Americans and Students--Minorities, especially see "The Black Presence at William and Mary" for Willis and Tucker, and "Jump" for Ely, Briley, and Brown; Faculty-Alumni files of Edward Augustus Travis, Oscar Houser Blayton; Colonial Echo 1971, p. 165 for Black Student Organization; Subject file, Alumni Association—Hulon Willis Association; The College of William and Mary: A History, vol. 2, pp. 829-830 and footnotes, for Poe and the Black Student Organization. See too Richard B. Sherman, Learning from the Past: Memoirs of a Would-Be Historian (Richmond: Dietz Press, 1997), Chapt. 4.

Lillian Poe::

William and Mary News 3/18/1975 page 1

Alumni Gazette December 1970 page 12-13


Trudier Harris:

Alumni Gazette February 1975 page 2; May, 1977 page 1; December 1977 page 17.

William and Mary News 2/4/1975 page 3; 11/4/1975 page 2; 1/20/76 page 2; 3/29/1977 page 1; 5/1/1979 page 2


Helen Cam Walker:

Alumni Gazette September 1974 page 8-9; March 1987 page 1

William and Mary News 4/22/1975 page 7; 6/3/1975 page 11; 7/19/1977 page 3; 2/11/1987 page 5; 10/2/1996 page 4

Nancy B McGhee:

Faculty/Alumni File

External Links

Need help?

To search for further material, visit the Special Collections Research Center's Search Tool List for an overview of the Special Collections Database, W&M Digital Archive, Flat Hat-William & Mary News-Alumni Gazette index, card catalogs, and other tools available to help you find material of interest in the Swem Library's Special Collections Research Center.

Questions? Contact the Special Collections Research Center at spcoll@wm.edu or 757-221-3090, or visit the Special Collections Research Center in the Earl Gregg Swem Library at the College of William and Mary.

A Note About The Contents Of This Wiki
The information available in this wiki is the best available from known documents and sources at the time it was written. Unfortunately, many of the early original records of the College of William and Mary were destroyed by fires, military occupation, and the normal effects of time. The information available here is the best available from known documents and sources at the time it was written. Information in this wiki is not complete as new information continues to be uncovered in the Swem Library's Special Collections Research Center and elsewhere. Researchers are strongly encouraged to use the Special Collections search tools for their research as the information contained in this wiki is by no means comprehensive.